According to ISO 8373 Industrial robot is defined as an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes, which may be either fixed in place or mobile for use in industrial automation applications. Industrial robot is fixed robotic arms and manipulators usually used for production and transferring of goods.
There are a number of factors that will determine the type of robot is suited to your needs. These factors are determined by the factors including the axes of movement, the type of drive that is included in the robot, the speed of axis, the sensitivity of the work environment where the robot will be used, the type and shape of the work envelope, the load capability, and the structural rigidity of the robot.
Each type of application will require performance capability from the robot that will match up to the task. There are four main applications of the robot namely, The transfer and manipulation of parts, pick and place activities, spot and arc welding, and clamping for machining.
Here some examples of application robots in industry:
• Car production, robots are mostly dominated in automotive industry.
• Packaging, industrial robot are also used extensively for palletizing and packaging of manufactured goods.
• Electronic, Mass-produced printed circuit boards (PCBs) are almost exclusively manufactured by pick-and-place robots.