Fundamental Laws of Robotics

We can not write an introduction to robotics without talking the fundamental laws of robots. The popular Russian writer of science fiction Isaac Asimov formulated the three fundamental laws for robots. The perspective in contrast to the robot described by Capek, a benevolent, good robot that acts as the human being. Asimov visualized the robot as an automated mechanical creature of human appearance having no feelings. The behavior and acts were dictated by a “brain” programmed by human beings, in such a way that certain ethical rules were satisfied.

The robotics term was thereafter introduced by Asimov, as the science devoted to the study of robots which was based on three fundamental laws. They were complemented by Asimov’s law in 1985. Since the robot laws establishment, the word robot has attained the alternate meaning as an industrial product designed by engineers or specialized technicians.
1. A robot may not allow humanity to come to harm, injure humanity, or, through inaction.
2. A robot may not allow a human being to injure, or, through inaction.
3. A robot has to obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
4. A robot has to protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws. The first laws were complemented by two more laws goaled for industrial robots by Stig Moberg from ABB Robotics. In the additional laws, also the robot motion is considered.
5. A robot has to follow the trajectory specified by its master, as long as it does not conflict with the first three laws.
6. A robot has to follow the velocity and acceleration specified by its master, as long as nothing stands in its way and it does not conflict with the other laws.

1 comment:

  1. Robot has been a great help to us specially in may aspect like bulk sewing of clothes and even car washing. Thanks to it, we have easier task as of today.

    Sig: Andrew

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