Reasoning to Build Humanoid Robot

There are several reasons to build a robot with humanoid form. It has been argued that to build a machine with human like intelligence, it must be embodied in a human like body. Others argue that for humans to interact naturally with a robot, it will be easier for the humans if that robot has humanoid form. A third and perhaps more concrete, reason for building a humanoid robot is to develop a machine that interacts naturally with human spaces. The architectural constraints on our working and living environments are based on the form and dimensions of the human body. Consider the design of stairs, cupboards and chairs. A robot that lives and works with humans in an unmodified environment must have a form that can function with everyday objects. The only form that is guaranteed to work in all cases is the form of humanoid.

The one example of Humanoid robot is the GuRoo project by Robotic laboratory in the University of Queensland. It is humanoid robot with 1.2 m tall that is capable of balancing, walking, turning, crouching, and standing from a prostrate position. The target mass for the robot is 30kg, including on-board power and computation. The robot will have active, monocular, color vision and vision processing.

The intended challenge task for the robot is to playa game of soccer with or against human player or other humanoid robots. To complete this challenge, the robot must be able to move freely on its two legs. It requires a vision sense that can detect the objects in a soccer game, such as the ball, the player from the both teams, the goals and the boundaries.

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